Chronology of Sardar Patel

Oct 31, 1875

Born in Nadiad, Kheda District, Gujarat, fourth son of Jhaverbhai Patel, a farmer of Karamsad and Ladbai Patel; primary schooling up to English Third standard at Karamsad


Married to Jhaverba of Gana, a village 3 miles from Karamsad


Passed matriculation exam in Nadiad


Passed the District Pleader's Examination; practices in Godhra; contracts bubonic plague from a court official whom he nursed during an epidemic in Godhra


Shifted legal practice to Borsad, made a name as a criminal lawyer

April 1904

Daughter Mani (later known as Manibehn) born


Saved enough money to go to England to become a barrister but gave it away to his elder brother Vitthalbhai who wished to become barrister first

Nov 1905

Son Dahya born

Jan 11, 1909

Wife Jhaverba dies after a surgical operation in Bombay

July 1910

Vallabhbhai leaves for England, admitted to Middle Temple


Took final examination after 6th term instead of the usual 12, ranked first in first class; won a prize of fifty pounds, left for India the day after the exam; brother Vitthalbhai elected as member of the Bombay Council

Jan 1913

Vallabhbhai becomes Barrister (Bar-at-Law) of Middle Temple Inn

Feb 13, 1913

Returns to India; practices in Ahmedabad; becomes the foremost criminal lawyer

March 1914

Jhaverbhai, Vallabhbhai's father, dies at the age of 85


Member, Gujarat Sabha, which was converted into Gujarat Provincial Congress Committee in 1919; Secretary, Gujarat Provincial Conference of which Mahatma Gandhi was the President.


Elected councilor of Ahmedabad Municipality; Chairman, Sanitary and Public Works Committee

Nov 1917

First direct contact with Mahatma Gandhi


Organized famine relief in Ahmedabad district; established a temporary hospital in Ahmedabad with a grant from Municipal Board to Gujarat Sabha to combat severe influenza of epidemic; successfully led "No-Tax" agitation against land revenue recovered by Government from drought affected Kheda district farmers


Discards western dress and adopts khadi, dhoti, kurta and chappals; burnt all his foreign clothes; won all open seats in the Ahmedabad Municipal elections, collected one million rupees for the Tilak Swaraj Fund and enrolled 300, 000 members for Indian National Congress from Gujarat; decides with Gandhi to establish Gujarat Vidyapeeth


Chairman, Reception Committee, Indian National Congress, 36th session, Ahmedabad; First Chairman, Gujarat Regional Congress Committee

1922 - 23

Satyagraha at Borsad, Gujarat - Against the Governments, "Haidiya" punitive tax imposed on the entire population of Borsad Taluka. Gandhi calls Vallabhbhai "King of Borsad"


Leads Nagpur National Flag Agitation; collected one million rupees in Rangoon for Gujarat Vidyapeeth


Elected President of Ahmedabad Municipality


Unprecedented floods in Gujarat, Vallabhbhai obtained one crore (10 million) rupees from he Government for famine relief


Resigned from the Presidency of Ahmedabad Municipality; presides over the Kathiawad Political Conference at Morbi


Leads the Bardoli No-Tax Campaign Satyagraha in Kheda District; Vallabhbhai called "Sardar" by the peasants. Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress endorses
the title


Presided over Maharashtra Political Conference; tours Maharashtra

March 7, 1930

Arrested for canvassing Gandhi's salt Satyagraha; Lodged in Sabarmati jail, Ahmedabad. Went on hunger strike in jail requesting C class diet instead of A class provided to him because of his high status. Request granted!

June 26, 1930


July 31, 1930

Rearrested in Bombay and sent to Yeravada jail for 3 months

Dec 12, 1930

Rearrested and sentenced to 9 months imprisonment


Presides over Indian National Congress, 46th session, Karachi.

Aug 1931

Joins Gandhi in talks with Viceroy Lord Irwin in Simla

Oct 22, 1933

Brother Vitthalbhai dies in a clinic near Geneva while Sardar was in prison (see below)

Jan 1932 -
Jul 1934

Arrested during the Civil Disobedience Movement and jailed in Yeravada Prison along with Mahatma Gandhi; later joined by Mahadev Desai from Nasik jail. Daughter Manibehn and Kasturba Gandhi also jailed but for shorter periods.


Released on grounds of health - serious nose trouble.

1935 - 1942

Chairman, Congress Parliamentary Board; supervises Congress' ministries in eight provinces, 1937-1939; in charge of selection of candidates for elections

Nov 18, 1940

Arrested under Defense of India Act for participation in Satyagraha launched by Gandhiji to press Great Britain for a commitment on India's Independence

Aug 1941

Released from prison following a severe intestinal ailment

Aug 1942

Arrested for participation in Quit India Movement; jailed in Ahmednagar Fort along with Nehru, Azad, and other prominent leaders; shifted to Yeravada prison in early 1945

June 15, 1945

Released from prison to participate in Simla Talks

Sept 2, 1946

Sardar joins the "Interim Government," as Minister for Home, Information, and Broad- casting (headed by Nehru as Vice-President of the Viceroy's Executive Council)

April 4, 1947

Inaugurates the Vitthalbhbhai Patel Maha Vidyalaya at Vallabh Vidyanagar

June 25, 1947

Government of India decides to establish a Department of (Princely) States under Sardar Patel

Aug 15, 1947

Sardar joins Independent India's Cabinet as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for
Home, States, Information and Broadcasting

Nov 13, 1947

Visits Somnath Patan and decides to renovate the Somnath Mahadev Temple


"Doctor of Laws" degree conferred on Sardar by Nagpur, Banaras and Allahabad Universities on Nov 3, 25, and 27 respectively

Feb 15, 1948

Inaugurates Rajya Sangh of Bhavnagar

April 7, 1948

Inaugurates Rajasthan Sangh

April 22, 1948

Agreements to constitute Madhya/Bharat Sangh

Sep 13-16, 1948

"Police Action" in Hyderabad

Feb 26, 1949

"Bharat Ratna," the highest Indian national award, conferred posthumously on Sardar Patel. The award was accepted by Sardar's grandson, Vipinbhai Patel.

Oct 7 -
Nov 15, 1949

Served as Acting Prime Minister of India during Nehru's visit to the U.S., UK, and Canada

Dec 15, 1950

Sardar Patel dies in Bombay; cremated in Bombay


"Bharat Ratna," the highest Indian national award, conferred posthumously on Sardar Patel. The award was accepted by Sardar's grandson, Vipinbhai Patel.